If you are a chartered accountant, lawyer, doctor, or any other professional in India, you will have to pay professional tax in India to the state government of the place where you practice. The amount will vary according to your earnings.
Profession tax is a direct tax levied on persons earning income through any profession, employment, calling or business. Unlike income tax which is levied by the central government, professional tax is levied by the government of a state or union territory in India. Majority but not all Indian states levy professional tax.